U.S. refiners forecast strong first-quarter earnings as margins on gasoline and diesel sales improved, refining capacity fell sharply and crude supplies tightened due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Global refining capacity has declined amid the coronavirus pandemic, with several less profitable refineries closing in the past two years. However, global fuel demand has rebounded to near pre-pandemic levels, boosting the profits of facilities still operating.
Seven U.S. independent refiners are expected to earn 61 cents a share, compared with a loss of $1.32 in the first quarter of 2021, according to Refinitiv's IBES.
By 2022, gasoline and distillate Amorphous boron powder,Amorphous boron powder overview,Amorphous boron powder application,Amorphous boron powder price,Amorphous Boron Powder Supplier.
Amorphous boron powder overview
Boron powder is black or dark brown powder, which can react with fluorine at room temperature and is not corroded by alkali and hydrofluoric acid aqueous solution. Boron powder is also known as amorphous boron. Boron has high mass calorific value and volume calorific value. It is a light brown to gray-black powder with active chemical properties, but it is relatively stable at room temperature and will be oxidized when the temperature reaches 300 degrees Celsius. The ignition level is very high, requiring 700 degrees Celsius to ignite. Boron powder can react with oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, or directly combine with some metals to form some borides.
Boron is an essential micronutrient for plant health and agricultural growth and development. The importance of boron has been shown to be vital in plant production since the early 1920s. Low concentrations of borate are used in agriculture as a micronutrient in fertilizers.
Boron can be divided into crystalline boron and amorphous boron:
Crystalline boron is dark gray with high hardness, similar to diamond hardness, and is often used to replace diamond to make tools or drill bits. It is less conductive but increases with temperature, unlike the conductivity of metallic conductors.
The chemical properties of amorphous boron are more reactive than crystalline boron. Crystalline boron is quite stable at room temperature, can only react with fluorine, and can only react with non-metallic elements such as nitrogen, oxygen, chlorine, sulfur, bromine, iodine and so on at high temperature. Amorphous boron is relatively active, oxidizes slowly in air, and almost reacts with most metal elements to form non-integral borides at high temperatures. It reacts with water vapor under red heat to generate metaboric acid and hydrogen.
Amorphous boron powder application
Amorphous boron powder is an important energy material. In the composite solid propellant used as solid fuel, the calorific value of boron is more than twice that of carbon, about twice that of aluminum and magnesium, and more than twice that of magnesium. Its volume is almost three times the calorific value of hydrocarbon fuels, its density is only slightly lower than that of aluminum, and its volumetric calorific value is the highest. In terms of its energy, boron should be the best fuel, not a metal. Due to the irregular shape and large specific surface area of amorphous boron, its ignition temperature is greatly reduced.
Amorphous boron powder is mainly used in metallurgy, medicine, ceramics, nuclear industry, chemical industry and other industries. It can be used in alloys in the form of compounds or as additives, and can also be used as catalysts for organic chemical reactions. important raw material.
Amorphous boron powder price
The price of amorphous boron powder varies randomly with factors such as production costs, transportation costs, international conditions, exchange rates, and the supply and demand relationship of the amorphous boron powder market. Tanki New Materials Co.,Ltd. aims to help industries and chemical wholesalers find high-quality, low-cost nanomaterials and chemicals by providing a full range of customized services. If you are looking for amorphous boron powder material, please feel free to contact for the latest amorphous boron powder price.
Amorphous Boron Powder Supplier
As a global supplier of amorphous boron powders, Tanki New Materials Co.,Ltd. has extensive experience in the performance, application and cost-effective manufacturing of advanced engineered materials. The company has successfully developed a series of powder materials (including boron carbide, aluminum carbide, titanium carbide, etc.), high-purity targets, functional ceramics and structural devices, and provides OEM services.
|Technical Parameter of Amorphous Boron B powder :|
|Test Result (%)||95||0.05||0.02||0.11||0.15||0.21||0.15||0.17|
The impact of the Russia-Ukraine conflict on the supply and prices of commodities is widening, and commodity prices remain at high levels. There is still great uncertainty about the future price of the Amorphous boron powder,Amorphous boron powder overview,Amorphous boron powder application,Amorphous boron powder price,Amorphous Boron Powder Supplier.
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